Marine Microbial Diversity and its role in Ecosystem Functioning and Environmental Change

Free Download Marine Microbial Diversity and its role in Ecosystem Functioning and Environmental Change Pdf Book

Marine Microbiology Diversity and its role in Ecosystem Functioning and Environmental Change Pdf Book

Introduction: Marine Microbiology

Several Marine Board foresight activities have previously highlighted the importance of marine microbiology diversity. In 2007, the Marine Board published its Position Paper 9 on the Impacts of Climate Change on the European Marine microbiology and Coastal Environment. This publication drew
attention to the importance of marine microorganisms for the production of oxygen (approximately 50% of the total photosynthesis on Earth), the removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and the regulation of our climate. The Marine Board Special Report on Climate Change and Marine Ecosystem Research (CLAMER) published in 2011, also emphasized the key role of microbes in all global cycles of matter and energy and how climate-induced changes in marine microbiology communities and interactions may affect critical biogeochemical cycles of elements such as carbon, nitrogen and iron. Meanwhile, the enormous – but largely untapped – potential of marine microorganisms for the development of new biotechnology applications and products as described in Marine Board position paper 15, Marine Biotechnology: A New Vision and Strategy for Europe

Microorganisms are defined by their size: any organism that is too small to be observed in sufficient detail by the unaided human eye is a microorganism. This includes basically any organism smaller than 0.1 mm. The smallest well-known marine microorganism( Marine Microbiology) Candidatus Pelagibacter ubique HTCC1062 measures only 0.5×0.15 µm and hence the size range of microorganisms comprises more than three orders of magnitude, more or less the same as for microorganisms. All three domains of life comprise microorganisms while Bacteria and Archaea are comprised exclusively of microorganisms. All microorganisms are Eukarya but the vast majority of the eukaryotic phylogenetic groups are nevertheless also microorganisms. Bacteria and Archaea are unicellular organisms with cell shapes basically varying from spherical to elongated rods although a variety of other morphological characteristics are also possible. 

Contents Of Marine Microbiology

1 Introduction
2 Marine microbial diversity: current knowledge and gaps in our understanding
3 Technologies and research toolkits
4 Marine microbiology observation and data infrastructures
5 European status, research gaps and recommendations
References
List of abbreviations and acronyms
Annex I. Participating authors

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